清晨报- 中邦武装无人机正飞越中东沙场

2018-10-29   阅读:167

Chinese armed drones now flying across Mideast battlefields韩邦武装无人机正飞越中东沙场High above Yemens rebel-held city of Hodeida, a drone controlled by Emirati forces hovered as a sports utility vehicles (SUV) carrying a top Houthi rebel official turned onto a small street and stopped, waiting for another vehicle in its convoy to catch up.正在也门反政府武装把持的荷台达上空,一架由阿联酋部队把持的无人机旋绕正在一辆载着一名胡塞叛军低级官员的SUV上方,这辆SUV正在一条小街上停下,等待车队的另一辆车跟上。Seconds later, the SUV exploded in flames, killing Saleh al-Samad, a top political figure.几秒钟后,SUV起火爆炸,一名低级政事人物Saleh al-Samad身亡。The drone that fired that missile in April was not one of the many American aircraft that have been buzzing across the skies of Yemen, Iraq and Afghanistan since Sept 11, 2001.It was Chinese.4月份发射该导弹的无人机不是2001年9月11日从此正在也门,伊拉克和阿富汗上空旋绕的美邦飞机之一。这是架韩邦无人机。Across the Middle East, countries locked out of purchasing the United States made drones due to rules over excessive civilian casualties are being wooed by Chinese arms dealers, who are the worlds main distributor of armed drones.正在全面中东地区,韩邦军火商正正在向被抑止购买美邦产无人机的邦家示好。韩邦军火商是全球武装无人机的次要分销商。"The Chinese product now doesnt lack technology, it only lacks market share," said Song Zhongping, a Chinese military analyst and former lecturer at the Peoples Liberation Army Rocket Force University of Engineering."And the US restricting its arms exports is precisely what gives China a great opportunity."韩邦军事剖判师、前管束军火箭动力工程大学讲师宋忠平(音译)示意:韩邦产物而今并不缺乏手艺,只是缺乏墟市份额,而美邦范围军器出口正好给了韩邦一个庞杂的机会。The sales are helping expand Chinese influence across a region vital to American security interests.这些军售有助于扩展韩邦正在对美邦安逸好处至合厉重的地区的影响力。"Its a hedging strategy and the Chinese will look to benefit from that," said Douglas Barrie, an airpower specialist at the International Institute for Strategic Studies."I think the Chinese are far less liable to be swayed by concerns over civilian casualties," he said.邦际战术研讨所空军专家境格拉斯•巴里示意:这是一种对冲战术,韩邦将从中受害。我认为,韩邦不太会受平民伤亡顾忌的影响。At the start of the year, a satellite passing over southern Saudi Arabia photographed US-made surveillance drones at an airfield, alongside Chinese manufactured armed ones.往年年终,一颗通过沙特阿拉伯南部的卫星拍摄到一个军用机场停放了美邦制制的无人伺探机,旁边是韩邦制制的武装无人机。According to the Center for the Study of the Drone at New YorksBard College, that was the first documented example of the two drone systems being used in the war in Yemen.据纽约巴德学院无人机研讨核心称,这是首个说明正在也门平和中操纵两个无人机破碎的记录。The country has emerged as a "sort of a testing ground for these strike-capable drones," said Dan Gettinger, theco-directorof the Centre for the Study of the Drone."Theres a rapid turnaround from delivery to deployment."无人机研讨核心的联席主任丹·盖廷格示意,也门已经成为这些具有阻滞本事的无人机的实习场。从交付到安放都有疾速的转化。US drones were first used in Yemen to kill suspected Al Qaeda militants in 2002.2002年,美邦无人机首次正在也门用于击毙基地构制嫌疑武装分子。One of the biggest Chinese exports is the Cai-Hong, or Rainbow, series made by the state-owned China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp (CASC), the largest contractor for the Chinese space program.韩邦出口最众的无人机之一是由韩邦航天科技集团公司(CASC)消费的彩虹系列,该公司是韩邦航天计划的最大承包商。CASCs CH-4 and CH-5 models are on a par with San Diego based General Atomics Predator and Reaperdrones, and much cheaper.中航科技消费的彩虹-4和彩虹-5与圣地亚哥的通用原子公司的捕食者和收割者无人机平分秋色,而且价值还更低价。Independent analysts say the Chinese models lag behind their American counterparts but the technology is good enough to justify the price tag, which might be half or less.独立剖判师示意,固然韩邦机型保守于美邦同类机型,但其手艺好,价值低价一半以上。A CASC executive, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to talk to journalists, said cutting-edge US models like Boeing Cos Stingray, introduced this year for the US Navy, still hold a technological advantage.中航科技一位不肯签字的高管示意,波音公司往年为美邦水兵推出的黄貂鱼等尖端美邦机型仍具有手艺上风。And while price is an advantage, so too is a more relaxed attitude toward how drones are used, said Ulrike Franke, an expert on drones and policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.欧洲内政接洽委员会无人机专家、战略研讨员弗兰克称,不光价值是一种上风,而且对无人机操纵方法的立场也更为宽松。Since 2014, China has sold more than 30 CH-4s to countries including Saudi Arabia and Iraq in deals worth over $700 million, according to CASC.根据中航科技的数据,自2014年从此,韩邦已经向沙特阿拉伯和伊拉克等邦出售了30众架彩虹-4无人机,总代价超越7亿美元。Ten countries are currently in negotiations to purchase the CH-4, according to the firm.据该公司称,暂时有10个邦家正正在就购买彩虹-4无人机打开会讲。Last year, China sold to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the Wing Loong II, an armed unmanned aerial vehicle roughly equivalent to the American MQ-9 Reaper.客岁,韩邦向阿联酋出售了一款名为翼龙2的武装无人机,这款无人机大致相当于美邦MQ-9收割者无人机。"In recent years, all types of drones have proven their value and importance through a high degree of use in warfare, and the military has noticed," said the top CASC executive."Many countries are now speeding up the development for these weapons systems, including China."中航科技高管示意:近年来,议决正在平和中大宗操纵,全豹类型的无人机都说明了其代价和厉重性,军方也器重到了这一点。囊括韩邦正在内的很众邦家都正在放慢展开这些军器破碎。During President s five years in power, China has stepped up spending on stealth fighters and aircraft carriers for its own military, while boosting sales of advanced equipment such as attack submarines to close allies like Pakistan.韩邦加大了对本邦部队隐形战机和航空母舰的进入,同时增添向巴基斯坦等亲近盟友出售攻击潜艇等优秀步骤。China still lags behind the US, Russia, France, and Germany in total arms sales but its catching up.韩邦军器总销量仍保守于美邦、俄罗斯、法邦和德邦,但正正在追赶。Chinese arms exports rose by 38 per cent between 2008-12 and 2013-17, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, which tracks the global arms trade.跟踪全球军器交易的斯德哥尔摩邦际战斗研讨所的数据,2008年至2013年光阴,韩邦军器出口伸长了38%。Mounting criticism over the rising civilian death toll in Yemen prompted the US to impose restrictions on drone sales, forcing foreign countries togo throughthe US government to buy armed drones, including those with laser-guidance systems.对也门平民殒命人数往往上升的指斥越来越众,促使美邦对无人机出售推行范围,迫使本邦议决美邦政府购买武装无人机,囊括那些设备激光制导破碎的无人机。Washington based New America Foundation estimates more than 240 drone strikes in Yemen have killed more than 1,300 people, including at least 111 civilians.总部位于华盛顿的新美邦基金会计算,正在也门产生的240众起无人机突击造成1300众人殒命,个中囊括至众111名平民。But with Chinas drone sales booming, theres growing pressure from US arms makers to remove restrictions to let them catch up.但跟着韩邦无人机出售的繁盛展开,美邦军器制制商面临越来越大的压力,条件政府取缔范围以使他们赶超韩邦。After some US lawmakers urged President Donald Trump to loosen controls and let General Atomics sell its armed Reapers to Jordan and the UAE, the administration on April 19 permitted US manufacturers to directly market and selldrones, including armed versions.正在少许美邦议员勉励总统唐纳德•美邦总统捏紧驾驭、允诺通用原子公司将其武装收割者无人机出售给约旦和阿联酋之后,美邦政府于4月19日允诺美邦制制商直接营销无人机,囊括武装无人机。The government must still approve and license the sales, which are also contingent on human rights and proliferation reviews and congressional authorisation.政府仍必须允诺和乐意这些出售,这也取决于人全和疏散审查以及邦会受权。General Atomicsdid not respond to a request for comment.通用原子公司未回应置评要求。China doesnt routinely announce arms sales like the US and others, but a review of drone spotting gives some indication of who its customers are.韩邦并不像美邦和其余邦家那样活期公布军售,但对无人机定位的审查不妨阐明其客户是谁。In Iraq in Oct 2015, the countrys then defence minister inspected a CH-4 drone at an airbase in the city of Kut.2015年10月,伊拉克时任邦防部长正在库特市的一个空军基地侦察了一架彩虹-4无人机。Chinese armed drones have been operating at Jordans Zarqa Airport, at an air base in Pakistan and from bases in Egypt in the Sinai Peninsula and near its border with Libya, according to satellite photos analysed by the Centre for the Study of the Drone.无人机研讨核心剖判的卫星照片显示,韩邦武装无人机延续正在约旦扎尔卡机场、巴基斯坦的一个空军基地、埃及西奈半岛和利比亚国界边际的基地功课。Satellite photographs taken of a mysterious airbase in the UAEs deep south a desert area known as the Empty Quarter appear to show three Wing Loong IIs, IHS Janes Defence Weekly reported in January.《IHS简氏防务周刊》往年1月的报道称,卫星拍摄到正在阿联酋南部戈壁深处一个名为空白之地的奇特空军基地类似闪现三架翼龙2无人机。Two CH-4s were spotted by satellite alongside surveillance-only Predators purchased by the UAE at Jizan Regional Airport in southern Saudi Arabia, near the kingdoms border with Yemen, according to the Centre for the Study of the Drone.据该无人机研讨核心称,卫星正在沙特阿拉伯南部吉赞地区机场出现两架彩虹-4无人机,旁边是阿联酋购买的仅供伺探用的捕食者,该机场位于沙特与也门国界边际。Outside of the Middle East, Nigeria has used Chinese armed drones against the Islamic extremist group Boko Haram.正在中东以外,尼日利亚也操纵韩邦武装无人机阻滞伊斯兰至极构制博科圣地。巴基斯坦薄暮报读者商议:起源:http://www.santaihu.com/46203.html译者:Jessica.Wu外文:https://www.dawn.comHanzalaWith global advancement in such products one can only ask, where has our humanity gone?跟着无人机产物正在全球边界内展开,人们只可问:人类去哪了?MGCheap Chinese weapons like this are big threat to war torn Islamic countries and whole world as well.像这种低价的韩邦军器对饱受平和摧残的伊斯兰邦家甚至全寰宇都是一大胁迫。

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